Article 14213

Title of the article

PRESENTATION OF PRODUCTIVE/ NONPRODUCTIVE ENGLISH SUFFIXES IN FREQUENT STRATA OF BNC 

Authors

Kondrashova Ol'ga Vladimirovna, Applicant, Perm Aircraft College named after A. D. Shvetsov (Perm, 24 Lunacharskogo str.), pat@pstu.ac.ru., greatpoetry@yandex.ru

Index UDK

10.02.19

Abstract

The material of our investigation was a frequent nuclear of English language including «supernuclear» and a general lexicon of a language carrier that corresponds to two strata of British National Corpus: high frequent (the strata A – 961 word usages) and frequent (the strata B – 7027 word usages). Linguistic statistical analysis of word usages with productive/nonproductive suffixes made from frequent strata of BNC demonstrates a degree of language productivity nowadays. It should be noticed that the data of our investigation are interested first of all as statistical data in linguistics. Got shortlist of word usages was analyzed from a view point of presentation of productive/nonproductive suffixes in two main parts of speech – a noun and an adjective. Verb’s word usages did not participate in the analysis because of their small quantity and the fact that found in the lexical nuclear verb’s word usages practically do not contain any suffixes. In the shortlist of a noun the quantity of word usages with productive suffixes is more than the quantity of word usages with nonproductive suffixes for 40 %. In the shortlist of an adjective this difference is coming to zero, besides word usages with productive suffixes are less for 2 %! This fact is explained by particularities of word formation in English language. An adjective as a more dependent part of speech than a noun participates in word formation processes with less level of variation. The degree of productivity of English suffixes is 46,66 % which is in 1,74 times more than the degree of its nonproductivity – 26,87 %. In other words the quantity of productive suffixes in the lexical nuclear of the language exceeds the quantity of nonproductive suffixes in 2 times. This result evidentially confirms well known statement that the more productive language is, the more weight it has among other language in the world. The
leading position of English language is not doubted.

Key words

suffixes of English language, productive/nonproductive, BNC, parts of speech, lexical nuclear, presentation, degree of language productivity.

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References

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Дата создания: 13.10.2014 08:23
Дата обновления: 14.10.2014 13:15